The variety is a species-hybrid from the polytypic species Triticum spelta L. and Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori et. Paoli., in which the spelt is the mother line. With the exception of the ear-shape, the species-hybrid shows similarities to the spelt in everything regarding quality, as well as production technology.
Because of the characteristic (spreading 8 - 14 mm/h) it is mainly forage grain, but it is still one of the best material for human food in the range of the known spelt, even with whole grain (functional food).
In animal feeding – because of the optimal proportion (1:4,5; 1:5) – it is basically protein crop.
|crude protein (d.m.)||19,5 - 25%|
|lysine||0,45 - 0,65%|
|methionine+cystine||0,70 - 1%|
|wet gluten||52 - 62%|
|carbohydrate (d.m.)||62 - 65%|
|fibre (d.m.)||2,6 - 3,2%|
|fat||2,4 - 2,8%|
|mineral content||2,5 - 2,8%|
|phospholipid||0,7 - 0,8% (close to soybean)|
|*d.m.: in dry matter|
- functional food material = it contains almost everything that is needed by the organism, healthy food with strengthening effect,
- agricultural, farmer (cheaper, better, less demands),
- food industrial, industrial-processing, (diversified utilization),
- chance to take out the protein-import.
- Because of the many positive features it’s hard to believe for those who are exercising the regular farming. 'So many advantages, it cannot be true!' Not just one or two features are better, but entirely.
- At the beginning of the production it needs precise and consistent technological discipline (soil-preparation, almost precision sowing).
- with the usual protein calculation, the protein content exceeds common wheat with 40-100%,
- N-factor usually around 8, the other spiked grains are around 5,7 - 6,25,
- the protein-transforming quotient is 90-94%,
- wet gluten content 40-60%,
- the rate of protein components differs from common wheat, it is closer to human-animal protein-system,
- many important amino acids (lysine, methionine, cystine, threonine, tryptophan, arginine) are 50-150% higher than in the aestivum,
- winter- and frost tolerance is excellent,
- tillering is better than any aestivum, so the seed-dose is less,
- seed-dose is 80-100 kg/ha,
- height usually 110-125cm,
- despite the height, the stem-strength only problematic when the vegetation is too bushy, the distribution is unfavorable or fertilizer was used,
- quite good disease-reaction; no need for dressed-seeds regarding tilletia and stem rust, tolerant to powdery-mildew, low sensitivity to wheat leaf rust pending on the year, there is no 100% crop protection for fusarium it is only influenced by year, soil preparation and agrotechniqe,
- intensively reveals natural nutrient stocks of the soil, it can mobilize dead water which is not utilizable for the common wheat (another reason not to use direct fertilizer),
- because of the ecological adaptability it tolerates the extreme weather pretty well; specifically fits into the semi-arid climate,
- within the T. spelta species the ripening time is early, comparing to the aestivums it is mid-late.
Bácska is being cultivated with environmentally sound method with keeping the rules of sustainable farming, and its effect on health (specification indicators) is much better, even with bad natural conditions, than the common wheat from a good growing area.
With the usual protein calculation (novum needs higher multiplier),the protein content is between 19-25%. Wet gluten is between 40-60%. The quantities of the essential amino-acids are at least the double. Phosphorus content is really high, 0,50-0,60%.
One of the most important raw materials for the developing organism is the main muscle builder, the glutamine. Its 'pre-material' is the glutamine acid, which quantity is nearly the double in the Bácska than in any other cereal grains.So the strengthening effect is understandable.
One kilogram Bácska contains almost as much amino-acids as one kilogram lean meat, or 15 pcs (1kg) chicken eggs, so the high biological value is also obvious.
The only thing that is not acceptable for the recent demands of the milling industry – but not for the healthy food –, is the hardness. Because the variety is not hard but mid-soft and slightly wrinkled.
It is the most ideal feed-material for livestock.
The novum wheat came into existence in low humus area (sand), and the Bácska variety showed the above mentioned numbers there. On normal wheat growing areas with every percent humus increase – besides keeping the technological discipline – there is a 1,0-1,5% protein quantity increase too (we have already measured 26-30%).
The mineral content is also significant. The lecithin content is remarkable, it is close to the soybean (today it is being extracted only from the soybean).
Important, that starch content (mainly responsible for obesity) is only around 54-60%, in the common wheat it is 68-72%. So, it is 18-24% less (the difference is the protein-surplus). It has the healthy nutrient rate, which is 1:4; 1:5.
The fertilizer and other chemicals can be left out during the cultivation, so the constructive sugar of the amino-acids and starch remains natural. So, the organism can utilize the available nutrients without any side-effect.